Tables on the Evolution of Strings in the Violin Family

  • string by string 

    for the first time the story told from the perspective of each single string

  • a practical guide  

    so you can easily answer to the question: which string is the correct one?

  • historical evidences 

    from valuable treatises as well as pictures never published before  

Some words about this eBook:

This excellently researched book tells the story of strings in a concise and informative way. It is both enlightening and practical. I learned a great deal - every string player should own a copy!

Kati Debretzeni

leader of The English Baroque Soloists and the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment

Great Britain

Daniela Gaidano's book "Evolution of Strings in the Violin Family"  is a treasure trove! The combination of historical facts and her years of experience as a sought-after string maker turns this book into a fascinating read and an indispensable part of any dedicated library on performance practice on original instruments!

Philipp von Steinaecker



This is an indispensable book for any player of historical string instruments. It is full of fascinating informations on the history of string-making, and answers so many of the questions we have on choosing the right gut strings

Alison Bury

Violinist, Soloist and Leader

Great Britain

The perspective of the string is the key

It is commonly known when an innovation was generally introduced: for example, we all know that the wound strings were introduced at the end of the 17th century. Why they were adopted is the subject of deeper considerations on organology, music taste, music life of the period, or even economic issues... 



Despite all these researches, often the link to the use of strings we make today is missing: if the wound strings were already available, can I use them as 3rd strings in 19th-century music? Why not?



This book is offering material to answer to this kind of questions. 



It really doesn't matter whether you will or will not decide to try a pure gut 4th after reading this. The consciousness of which strings were used and why will be whispering in your ears while practising suggesting you colours and helping you to find your unique voice. 



When we are still uncertain if the sound was this or that, it is difficult to be convincing and gain attention.

But when we know, we can consciously decide what we like and this will make a great difference.

The difference from depending on other people's judgement and taste, or being happy about our efforts.



Being happy is a good achievement in itself, but as a starting point it also leads to being more consistent

in our research for our unique voice so to be more appreciated. ...and you get the point here, don't you? Being more appreciated means more job, more gratifications, more money...



This is why I am happy to offer this book. 

When I first had the idea of it I was excited because it instantly gave me a clear direction in my personal research of sound. Now finally I can offer this to you and I am really looking forward to being in touch and share our experiences.

...and some more words about my work:

Daniela Gaidano is very thorough and enthusiastic researcher in the world of early stringed instruments. Her endeavours have included visiting elderly string makers in remote areas to preserve memories of the old ways of string making, archival research, and long practical experience with Aquila strings, recognised throughout the world as leading pioneers in the struggle to recover the lost sounds of the old instruments 

Chris Goodwin

Secretary, The Lute Society

Great Britain

The passionate interest of Daniela Gaidano for the world of authentic stringing, and her study and investigations in that field, have impressed me since the time I met her. It is important for today's musicians using period instruments, to be well informed about the different historic possibilities and best solutions for the instrument they use - I do not hesitate to recommend Daniela's knowledge and help to anyone who wants serious basis to refer to.

Sigiswald Kuijken

Artistic Director of La Petite Bande

Honorary Professor at The Hague and Brussels Royal Conservatories

The Netherlands

Time To Shop!

The time of the first appearence of the wound string is widely known, but the fact it was avilable doesn't mean it was already possible to use it on every position: it took litterally ages before we could use it on the D string.


Keeping this in mind can make a difference in finding the colors of our music. 


If you already downloaded the tables and you have questions about them, this 48 pages book will answer them.

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